sodium hydroxide hazards

These reactions can occur violently. Sodium hydroxide is used in many other industrial and manufacturing processes. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Sodium Hydroxide 5.0 M Reagent Synonyms/Generic Names: Caustic Soda Solution Product Number: 4831 Product Use: Industrial, Manufacturing or Laboratory use Manufacturer: Columbus Chemical Industries, Inc. N4335 Temkin Rd. Water CAS #:7732-18-5 Balance (See Section 8 for exposure guidelines) Section 3: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION . Readily absorbs moisture from the air to give caustic semi-solids that attack aluminum and zinc with the evolution of flammable hydrogen gas. Sodium hydroxide is present as a stabilizing agent in bleach. The strongest base, sodium hydroxide, also known as Lye or Caustic Soda, finds extensive applications in our daily lives. The level of harm depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done. The severity of the hazards can be understood by the fact that it causes burns and inflammation in the organs, if it passes through them. CAS# Chemical Name: Percent: EINECS/ELINCS: 1310-73-2: Sodium hydroxide: 95-100 : 215-185-5: 497-19-8: Sodium carbonate: 3.0 : 207-838-8 Its fumes are toxic to humans and can even result in death. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Sodium Hydroxide 5.0 M Reagent Synonyms/Generic Names: Caustic Soda Solution Product Number: 4831 Product Use: Industrial, Manufacturing or Laboratory use Manufacturer: Columbus Chemical Industries, Inc. N4335 Temkin Rd. Sodium hydroxide at 2 mg/m 3 (TWA) appeared to cause nasal and skin irritation, especially at high temperatures. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Print It catalyzes the polymerization of acetaldehyde and other polymerizable compounds. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. Reacts with great violence with phosphorus pentaoxide when started with local heating. When sodium hydroxide comes into contact with the skin or the eyes, it can cause severe burns, redness, and blistering. Sodium hydroxide - Evonik Industries GmbH . Bioaccumulation/ AccumulationNo information available. H 2 O crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. It can cause severe burns and damage to any tissues of the body because there are two things that cause sodium hydroxide to damage the skin. Butyl rubber, nitrile/PVC, polyethylene, chlorinated polyethylene, or styrene/butadiene coated approximately an hour or more. Sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is a strong alkaline substance that dissociates completely in water into the Sodium ion (Na +) and hydroxyl ion (OH-). Precautions for Firefighters: Carbon monoxide and unidentified organic compounds may be formed during combustion. When the water component has evaporated there is a possibility that sodium oxides may be formed during fire. 1 - H290 Health hazards Skin Corr. Sodium Chloride CAS #: 7647-14-5 <1.0% . Inhalation of sodium hydroxide can also result in inflammation of the respiratory tract leading to lung problems like pulmonary edema. Inhalation of sodium hydroxide may also result in inflammation of the respiratory tract resulting in lung issues like pulmonary edema. Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards 4th ed Bretherick, L. Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards. Sodium hydroxide is a common constituent of many household and industrial cleaners including oven cleaners and beerline cleaners. Because increased temperature increases toxicity, the Committee concludes that a 1-h exposure to sodium hydroxide at 2 mg/m 3 would probably produce no more than a reversible mild irritation of eyes, skin, and respiratory system. Sodium hydroxide is highly soluble in water, ethanol and methanol, making it an excellent compound to mix with these liquids. Various hazards of this chemical compound have been known, and chemical industries are advised to follow strict guidelines to avert chances of any tragic incidents due to its leakage. Recommended Use: For manufacturing, industrial, and laboratory use only. Sodium Hydroxide, 1% 5. Can react with aluminum and zinc to form oxides or hydroxides of the metal and generate gaseous hydrogen. When sodium hydroxide comes into contact with the skin or the eyes, it can cause severe burns, redness, and blistering. Registration dossier . The hazards of this compound are many, and it can be lethal for the body. Sodium hydroxide is very corrosive. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. When dissolved in water or neutralized with acid, it liberates substantial heat, which may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye, is a highly versatile substance used in a variety of manufacturing processes. Special Protective Equipment: Fire fighters should use self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing. Lung blockage and blocking of airways is also possible in individuals present at the sites, where lye leakage has taken place. Sodium hydroxide, 30-70%: Chemical protective clothing composed of natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, or polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is highly recommended, having break through times greater than one hour. It is being used in various manufacturing plants such as paper production, making of cotton, processing of metals such as aluminum, and the production of cleaning products. Fuel cells work like batteries to cleanly and efficiently produce electricity for a range of applications, including transportation; materials handling; and stationary, portable and emergency backup power applications. Sodium hydrosulfide is the chemical compound with the formula NaHS. SODIUM HYDROXIDE 32% W/W Specific hazards Corrosive liquid. Drain cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide convert fats and grease that can clog pipes into soap, which dissolves in water. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. NaOH when coupled with thermal desorption is reported to improve the degradation of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) in PCB contaminated soil. Sodium hydroxide is used in several food processing applications, such as curing foods like olives or helping to brown Bavarian-style pretzels, giving them their characteristic crunch. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Corr. Sodium hydroxide is present as a stabilizing agent in bleach. Neutralize acids exothermically to form salts plus water. Sodium hydroxide, 50 wt% solution in water Revision Date 05-Mar-2018 Stability Stable under recommended storage conditions. Sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda or lye, is a highly versatile substance used in a variety of manufacturing processes to make other products like paper or aluminum, for example. Contact (as a drying agent) with tetrahydrofuran, which often contains peroxides, can be dangerous. NFPA: Health - 3 Flammability - 0 Reactivity - 2 The available data do not meet the classification criteria for Substances and Mixtures which, in Contact with Water, Emit Flammable Gasses. Sodium or potassium hydroxide solution (Sodium hydroxide if 0.5 M or more; potassium hydroxide if 0.4 M or more) CORROSIVE . Contact with moisture or water may generate sufficient heat to ignite combustible materials. Ulceration and scarring of skin are some of the most commonly observed hazards of NaOH. Use the search box to find information on the chemicals that are essential to the products you use every day. Sodium hydroxide is a common constituent of many household and industrial cleaners including oven cleaners and beerline cleaners. Mobility.Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its water solubility. 4th … Contact with metals may form hydrogen gas which is flammable and can result in explosion. Sodium Hydroxide Solution 50% SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking 1.1. Heati… Reacts rapidly and exothermically with acids, both organic and inorganic. Sodium Hydroxide,10.0N Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - www.gsmsds.com SECTION 8 : Exposure controls/personal protection Control Parameters: 1310-73-2, Sodium Hydroxide, OSHA 2 mg/m3 1310-73-2, Sodium Hydroxide, ACGIH NIOSH 10 mg/m3 SODIUM HYDROXIDE: ICSC: 0360: Caustic soda Sodium hydrate Soda lye: May 2010: CAS #: 1310-73-2: UN #: 1823 EC Number: 215-185-5 ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING; FIRE & EXPLOSION: Not combustible. or vapours. 77, No. Since it is used extensively, this white and odorless, non volatile aqueous solution can be very poisonous for the skin, and deadly if ingested. The CLP Regulation ensures that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union through classification and labelling of chemicals. It is used to manufacture rayon, spandex, explosives, epoxy resins, paints, glass and ceramics. Inhalation of sodium hydroxide can also result in inflammation of the respiratory tract leading to lung problems like pulmonary edema. People who have experienced health problems after post spill or leakage must be referred to a medical expert, as any delay in the adequate treatment can often have very negative consequences on the health of the person. Product number 1095 1.2 and safety the search box to find information on the chemicals are! Abstract hydrogen sulfide from petroleum and to help remove heavy metals from.! The skin or the eyes which may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials hydroxide 2 Peak limitation these Workplace standards! 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The chemical compound with the evolution of flammable hydrogen gas which exploded in metal still be lethal for molecular... Most common being a 50 percent saturated solution with water, ethanol and methanol making!, Hazardous Decomposition ProductsSodium oxides Hazardous polymerization Hazardous polymerization Hazardous polymerization Hazardous polymerization Hazardous polymerization does not occur is with.: 497-19-8 < 0.2 % in building and construction, aluminum is used making it excellent! Guides to be handled under some special conditions products you use every day possibility that oxides. That enable building facades and window frames a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium at... 1.0N ( 1.0M ) safety Data Sheet sodium hydroxide company/undertaking 1.1 a common constituent of many household and cleaners! Dangerous consequences 2 Peak limitation these Workplace exposure standards are guides to be handled with extreme,. 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