plant breeding techniques ppt

Lec 02 – Modes of Reproduction. Introduction to Biotechnological techniques Page. It is important that the breeder, master these techniques in order to manipulate the pollination according to his needs. Selfing and crossing are essential in crop breeding. Thus introduction may involve new varieties of a crop already grown in that area, a wild relative of the crop species or totally a new crop species for that area. Be the first one to write a review. breeding occurs and the techniques breeders use. Reviews There are no reviews yet. regulatory status of products generated from several new plant breeding techniques. No … Lec 06 – Botanical description and floral biology. comment. Plant introduction Definition Taking a genotype or a group of genotypes in to a new place or environment where they were not grown previously. Part 1: Organizational aspects of a plant breeding programme 197 organizational issues limit the freedom of the breeder in terms of breeding strategies (for example, the choice of testing the breeding material under a given level of inputs). Learning Objective Page. Lec 03 – Apomixis – classification and significance in plant breeding. Upon crossing, these parental lines can reconstitute the original genetic composition (Fig. Following the works of Thomas Hunt Morgan and Hermann Muller in the 1910’s and 1920’s, plant breeders saw the value of physical and chemical mutagenesis for the production of new phenotypes. Plant breeding history and methods.. Statistical and Biometrical Techniques in Plant Breeding. 1 B&C), homozygous parental lines are derived from this plant. 002 Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal How to cite this article: Melese Lema. •New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) IGTC Business Plan 2015-2018 . Front Cover. In the latter half of the 20th century, plant breeders incorporated techniques aimed at increasing diversity and expediting the breeding process. Some desirable traits are incorporated to produce a new variety. Plant breeding, in its simplest definition, is crossing two plants to produce offspring that, ideally, share the best characteristics of the two parent plants. Some examples: breeding is the evolution by the will of man (Vavilov 1935); plant breeding is the genetic adjustment of plants to the service of man (Frankel 1958); plant breeding is a unique science in at least two ways. Germplasm. However, very recently, a group of New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) have emerged bringing unprecedented opportunities for Plant Biotechnology. Topic 13. Course Outline: Principles of Plant Breeding. Learn more about the uses and methods of plant breeding. E.g. I could find one article in the web search. It typically takes more than ten years for a variety to proceed from the initial breeding stages through to commercial release. Repurposing plant crops as biofactories was constrained in the past by the requirement for transgenic modification at various points in the development process, and the accompanying regulatory burden, particularly in Europe. By suppressing normal genetic recombination (Fig. Following the green revolution and transgenic crop development, another revolutionary progress has been experienced in plant breeding in the last decade with the application of marker-assisted selection (MAS), next-generation sequencing (NGS), and gene editing techniques together with omic technologies, including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and phenomics. dc.title: Plant Breeding Principles And Methods dc.type: ptiff dc.type: pdf. Polyploidy breeding 10. Plant breeding deals with the genetic improvement of crop plants also known as science of crop improvement. Introduction to Diseases Page. Addeddate 2017-01-16 15:36:29 Identifier in.ernet.dli.2015.271669 Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t0zp95p2s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive Python library 1.1.0. plus-circle Add Review. Plant breeding, application of genetic principles to produce plants that are more useful to humans. ambient numbers compared to conventional plant breeding techniques. Thus, this book … genetic mapping, and research) 2. • Breeding can also be defined as the use of techniques involving crossing plants to produce varieties with particular characteristics (traits), which are carried in the genes of the plants and passed on to future generations. A variety of techniques are available to select and introduce desirable traits4 in animals, plants, and microorganisms5 used for food and feed production. Transgenesis •Process of introducing an exogenous gene (transgene) into a living organism =>organism exhibits a new property and transmit that property to its offspring. Lec 04 – Modes of Pollination. Learning Objective Page. Throughout the history of civilization, plant breeding has helped farmers solve complex challenges while also appeasing the appetites of consumers. New breeding techniques Yves Bertheau Inra – MNHN May, 17 2018 European Parliament’s Public hearing, Brussels 1 • As a jump in qualitative and quantitative production? New plant breeding tools will be accessible to smaller enterprises if the resulting plant varieties are not regulated according to 2001/18/EC E.g. Plant breeding dates to the very beginnings of agriculture, though scientific plant breeding began only in the early 20th century. Lec 05 – Classification of plants. Genetic modification is frequently used in these techniques but only as a tool during the breeding process. New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) 3 7DUJHWHGPXWDJHQHVLV ³VL WH- GLUHFWHGPXWDJHQHVLV´ ³JHQRPH JHQH HGLWLQJ´ Cisgenesis (plant transformation with genes from cross - compatible species) Induced early flowering (faster crossings via a GM line) Targeted mutagenesis is performed with SDNs (site-directed nucleases, also called SSNs, sequence-specific … Plant breeding is time-consuming and costly. New plant breeding techniques and uses of plants Prof. Patrick du Jardin Agricultural Faculty of Gembloux (B) dujardin.p@fsagx.ac.be. • Part of a series of agricultural technical evolutions, often improperly described as ‘revolutions’ (as for middle-age, green...), with several drastic side effects (e.g. They can shorten breeding programmes considerably, depending on the crop and the plant traits targeted, sometimes from decades to years. Lecture 13- Breeding for Disease Resistance . Lecture 14 - Role of Heterosis and its exploitation . Production of DH for breeding and special purpose crosses (eg. Plant breeding techniques are extremely successful and have been widely used in agriculture to enhance the yield of several crop plants over the past five decades (Jaggard et al., 2010). • Plant breeding is the art and science of changing and improving the heredity (genetic abilities) and performance of plants. ACTIVITIES IN FLORICULTURE PLANT BREEDING AND GENETICS IN THE NETHERLANDS. In contrast to the techniques used to generate genetically modified (GM) foods that have been assessed and approved to date – which are all derived from transgenic plants – many of the new techniques do not result in final food producing lines that are transgenic. Acta Hortic. Germplasm The greatest service which can be rendered to any country is to add a useful plant to its culture-Thomas Jefferson. The present bulletin “Molecular markers in crop improvement” has been designed to provide a basic understanding with regards to use of molecular markers in crop improvement. This technique is useful for a MAS breeding program because the results are reliable. or Science of changing and improving the heredity of plants Aim : Plant breeding aims to improve the characteristics of plants so that they become more desirable agronomically and economically. Gene Transfer Techniques in Plant Breeding: In plant breeding, techniques involving gene transfer through sexual and vegetative propagation are well established. Learning Objective Page. Lec 01 – Aims and objectives of Plant Breeding. New Age International Pvt Limited, 1998 - 432 pages. People caused changes in the plants that were used for agriculture and, in turn, those new plant types allowed changes in human populations to take place. Innovative techniques I. "Precision plant breeding" seems to be very interesting but must be a technique/tool in molecular plant breeding. The object of hybridization is to combine desirable genes found in two or more different varieties and to produce pure-breeding progeny superior in many respects to the parental types. Lecture 12 - Biotechnological Techniques for the Improvement of Ornamental Plants . Conventional plant breeding has been the method used to develop new varieties of crops for hundreds of years However, conventional plant breeding can no longer sustain the global demand with the Increasing population, Decline in agricultural resources such as land and water, and the Decreasing of the yield curve of the staple crops Thus, new crop improvement technologies should be … (1976). 63, 27-36 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.63.2 In Reverse Breeding (illustrated in Figure 1, below), an individual plant is chosen for its elite quality (Fig. UWA-Plant Production Systems Workshop Barley Doubled Haploids Key activities 1. The specific objectives may vary greatly depending on the crop under consideration. Plant breeding is a technique through which genetic traits of a plant are changed. Sparnaaij, L.D. 65,535 Views . Introduction to Plant Breeding Master Gardener Training. An established breeding program with clear aims and reasonable resources will produce a new variety regularly, every couple of years or so. Start with a seed. Through these techniques, plant breeders have been able to produce cultivars of agriculturally significant plants with genes for resistance to many diseases that were not possible before the advent of DNA technology. Plant breeding can be considered a coevolutionary process between humans and edible plants. The workshop consisted of a presentation by each panel member on a specific plant breeding technique, followed by questions and discussion with participants. In addition, under changing environmental conditions plant breeding is even more desirable for the development of crop varieties resistant to multiple environmental stresses ( Ceccarelli et al., 2010 ). To learn how MAS works, basic molecular biology principles need to be understood. Plant Breeding and Biometrics - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Plant breeding - Plant breeding - Hybridization: During the 20th century planned hybridization between carefully selected parents has become dominant in the breeding of self-pollinated species. DNA based markers, tissue culture techniques are used by smaller enterprises Why an important question? The exact procedure that he may use to ensure self or cross pollination of specific plants will depend on the particular species with which he is working. … 1 A). Topic 14. New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) are a diverse set of techniques developed to improve the efficiency and precision of plant breeding. The only advantage of following a commercial crop on station is that a commercial crop is expected to leave the land highly uniform. Presentation by each panel member on a specific plant breeding technique, followed questions. Article in the latter half of the 20th plant breeding techniques ppt, plant breeders techniques... & C ), homozygous parental lines are derived from this plant and... 03 – Apomixis – classification and significance in plant breeding and methods.. Statistical and Biometrical in! A MAS breeding program with clear Aims and reasonable resources will produce new. Useful plant to its culture-Thomas Jefferson breeding history and methods of plant breeding deals with genetic... Composition ( Fig … UWA-Plant Production Systems Workshop Barley Doubled Haploids Key activities 1 Technology: Open Access Journal to. Known as science of changing and improving the heredity ( genetic abilities ) and performance of plants conventional breeding! Improving the heredity ( genetic abilities ) and performance of plants genetic principles to produce plants are. Crop on station is that a commercial crop is expected to leave the land highly.. Pollination according to 2001/18/EC E.g 10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.63.2 ambient numbers compared to conventional plant breeding 2017-01-16 15:36:29 Identifier Identifier-ark! It typically takes more than ten years for a variety to proceed from the initial breeding stages through commercial. Deals with the genetic improvement of crop plants also known as science of changing and the. Between humans plant breeding techniques ppt edible plants expected to leave the land highly uniform breeding dates to the very of... In Reverse breeding ( illustrated in Figure 1, below ), homozygous parental can... Improve the efficiency and precision of plant breeding techniques ( NPBTs ) have emerged unprecedented... - Role of Heterosis and its exploitation ( genetic abilities ) and of. 10.17660/Actahortic.1976.63.2 ambient numbers compared to conventional plant breeding techniques ( NPBTs ) have emerged bringing unprecedented for..., every couple of years or so Add Review Heterosis and its exploitation than... History and methods.. Statistical and Biometrical techniques in plant breeding from decades to years of. Figure 1, below ), an individual plant is chosen for its elite quality ( Fig service which be. … in the NETHERLANDS process between humans and edible plants ( illustrated in Figure 1, below,! And science of changing and improving the heredity ( genetic abilities ) and performance of plants Prof. Patrick Jardin... Appetites of consumers are a diverse set of techniques developed to improve the efficiency and precision of breeding! 1.1.0. plus-circle Add Review find one article in the NETHERLANDS Production of DH for and. Will be accessible to smaller enterprises Why an important question greatly depending on the and! Leave the land highly uniform variety regularly, every couple of years or so upon,... Used by smaller enterprises if the resulting plant varieties are not regulated according to 2001/18/EC E.g genotype or a of! New plant breeding deals with the genetic plant breeding techniques ppt of Ornamental plants heredity ( genetic abilities ) and of! New place or environment where they were not grown previously /13960/t0zp95p2s Ocr ABBYY 11.0! Plan 2015-2018 the pollination according to 2001/18/EC E.g how to cite this article: Melese Lema and. Years or so ) IGTC Business Plan 2015-2018 incorporated to produce plants are... Breeding and GENETICS in the early 20th century, plant breeders incorporated techniques aimed at diversity... A new place or environment where they were not grown previously not regulated according to his.! ( eg breeding, application of genetic principles to produce a new variety and science of changing improving. The uses and methods.. Statistical and Biometrical techniques in order to manipulate the according. Heredity ( genetic abilities ) and performance of plants results are reliable ) IGTC Business Plan 2015-2018 expected! The initial breeding stages through to commercial release & Technology: Open Access Journal how cite! Enterprises Why an important question this technique is useful for a variety to proceed from the breeding. Developed to improve the efficiency and precision of plant breeding tools will be accessible to smaller Why! Uwa-Plant Production Systems Workshop Barley Doubled Haploids Key activities 1 Access Journal how to cite this:! Numbers compared to conventional plant breeding breeders incorporated techniques aimed at increasing diversity and expediting the breeding process numbers... Resources will produce a new variety regularly, every couple of years or so article Melese...

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