hebrews 6 commentary

sure and steadfast--sure in respect to us: steadfast, or "firm" [ALFORD], in itself. compass of Christian experiences, may yet cease to abide in them; he who abides not in them, was, at the very time when he had those objective experiences, not subjectively true to them; otherwise there would have been fulfilled in him, "Whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance" ( Matthew 13:12 ), so that he would have abided in them and not have fallen away" [THOLUCK]. Not that they have actually entered on the perfect inheritance, which Hebrews 11:13 Hebrews 11:39 Hebrews 11:40 explicitly denies; though doubtless the dead in Christ have, in the disembodied soul, a foretaste of it; but "them (enumerated in Hebrews 11:2-40 ) who in every age have been, are, or shall be, inheritors of the promises"; of whom Abraham is an illustrious example ( Hebrews 6:13 ). You must not relinquish this to a commentator. Wherein--that is, Which being the case among men, God, in accommodation to their manner of confirming covenants, superadded to His sure word His oath: the "TWO immutable things" ( Hebrews 6:18 ). But, beloved — In this one place he calls them so. View Hebrews . for those--"in the case of those." The hope here meant, is a sure looking for good things promised, through those promises, with love, desire, and valuing of them. 6. Not such an anchor as will not keep the vessel from tossing, or an anchor unsound or too light [THEOPHYLACT]. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. For it is impossible - It is needless to say that the passage here Hebrews 6:4-6, has given occasion to much controversy, and that the opinions of commentators and of the Christian world are yet greatly divided in regard to its meaning. . toward his name--Your acts of love to the saints were done for His name's sake. 5. tasted the good word of God--distinct from "tasted OF (genitive) the heavenly gift"; we do not yet enjoy all the fulness of Christ, but only have a taste OF Him, the heavenly gift now; but believers may taste the whole word (accusative case) of God already, namely, God's "good word of promise." Ramoth, that is, high, for Him hath God exalted with His right hand ( Acts 5:31 ). . A temporary faith is possible, without one thereby being constituted one of the elect ( mark 4:16 mark 4:17 ). things that accompany--Greek, "things that hold by," that is, are close unto "salvation." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 6:1-8 Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences. The ground is not yet actually cursed. Here observe, those to whom God has given full security of happiness, have a title to the promises by inheritance. let us go on--Greek, "let us be borne forward," or "bear ourselves forward"; implying active exertion: press on. 10. not unrighteous--not unfaithful to His own gracious promise. counsel--Greek, "willing . Compare "How often," Matthew 23:37 . The Hebrews are urged to go forward in the doctrine of Christ, and the consequences of apostacy, or turning back, are described. 14. multiplying . We should not be always speaking about outward things; these have their places and use, but often take up too much attention and time, which might be better employed. rejected--after having been tested; so the Greek implies. Answering to those who have enjoyed the privilege of Christian experiences, being in some sense renewed by the Holy Ghost; true alike of those who persevere and those who "fall away." To leave milk behind. bringeth forth--as the natural result of "having drunk in the rain." The first-fruits of our nature are ascended, and so the rest is sanctified. "The heavenly gift"; Christ given by the Father and revealed by the enlightening word preached and written: as conferring peace in the remission of sins; and as the Bestower of the gift of the Holy Spirit ( Acts 8:19 Acts 8:20 ), made partakers of the Holy Ghost--specified as distinct from, though so inseparably connected with, "enlightened," and "tasted of the heavenly gift," Christ, as answering to "laying on of hands" after baptism, which was then generally accompanied with the impartation of the Holy Ghost in miraculous gifts. He who abides not in Christ, is cast forth as a withered branch; but he who abides in Him becomes more and more free from sin; the wicked one cannot touch him; and he by faith overcomes the world. The heart of man is the earth; man is the dresser; herbs are brought forth meet, not for the dresser, by whom, but for God, the owner of the soil, for whom it is dressed. the rain that cometh oft upon it--not merely failing over it, or towards it, but falling and resting upon it so as to cover it (the Greek genitive, not the accusative). (11-20) Commentary on Hebrews 6:1-8 (Read Hebrews 6… The "for" in Hebrews 6:4 refers to this:I say, if God permit, for there are cases where God does not permit, for example, "it is impossible," &c. Without God's blessing, the cultivation of the ground does not succeed ( Hebrews 6:7 ). 7. the earth--rather as Greek (no article), "land." First, many biblical texts teach that true believers cannot be lost (John 6:39-40; 10:27-30; Rom. We ought to keep festal day, since Christ has taken up and set in the heavens the first-fruit of our lump, that is, the human flesh [CHRYSOSTOM]. The world to come thus stands in contrast to course of this world, altogether disorganized because God is not its spring of action and end. The writer to the Hebrews is not saying it is just difficult, but truly without possibility. Hebrews Chapter 6 is one of the more discussed chapters of Hebrews and is used by those of both Arminist [1] and Calvinists [2] as a proof text to justify their position of the “saved” believer. Such as the master of the soil wishes. In opposition to "nigh unto cursing." as the Aaronic high priest entered the Holiest Place once a year to make propitiation for the people. Hebrews 4:6. Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences. These verses mean exactly what they say. 10 God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them. Second, if true believers can be lost, then our text teaches that it is impossible for them to regain their salvation. There are things that are never separated from salvation; things that show the person to be in a state of salvation, and which will end in eternal salvation. For--confirming the reasonableness of resting on "the promises" as infallibly sure, resting as they do on God's oath, by the instance of Abraham. put him to an open shame--literally, "make a public example of" Him, as if He were a malefactor suspended on a tree. Such have nothing to fall away from, but an empty name, or hypocritical profession. . 20. 8. that which--rather as Greek (no article), "But if it (the 'land,' Hebrews 6:7 ) bear"; not so favorable a word as "bringeth forth," Hebrews 6:7 , said of the good soil. Christ's ascension is our promotion: and whither the glory of the Head has preceded. lay hold upon the hope--that is, the object of our hope, as upon a preservative from sinking. 6 Therefore let us move beyond the elementary teachings about Christ and be taken forward to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, [] and of faith in God, 2 instruction about cleansing rites, [] the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. Shechem, that is, shoulder, the government is upon his shoulder ( Isaiah 9:6 ). WARNING AGAINST RETROGRADING, WHICH SOON LEADS TO APOSTASY; ENCOURAGEMENT TO STEADFASTNESS FROM GOD'S FAITHFULNESS TO HIS WORD AND OATH. . . They say that Hebrews 6 describes a believer who loses his salvation. and have not yet received them; such strength hone has. . Hebrews 6:10, ESV: "For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for his name in serving the saints, as you still do." They needed, besides love, patient perseverance, resting on hope and faith ( Hebrews 10:36 , 13:7 ). 13. Hebrews 6:7 and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame. It is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats can take away sin (Hebrews 10:4). followers--Greek, "imitators"; so in Ephesians 5:1 , Greek; 1 Corinthians 11:1 . fled for refuge--as if from a shipwreck; or, as one fleeing to one of the six cities of refuge. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. "The world to come," is the Christian dispensation, viewed especially in its future glories, though already begun in grace here. Here an entire and wilful apostasy is meant; the Hebrews had not yet so fallen away; but he warns them that such would be the final result of retrogression, if, instead of "going on to perfection," they should need to learn again the first principles of Christianity ( Hebrews 6:1 ). Hebron, that is, fellowship, believers are called into the fellowship of Christ. "The Son of God," marking His dignity, shows the greatness of their offense. heirs of promise--not only Abraham's literal, but also his spiritual, seed ( Galatians 3:29 ). veil--Greek, "catapetasma": the second veil which shut in the Holiest Place. so as to enable us, after Him. . If--Greek, "And (yet) have fallen away"; compare a less extreme falling or declension, Galatians 5:4 , "Ye are fallen from grace." That’s what we are reading in Hebrews 6:4–8. If those who through mistaken views of this passage, as well as of their own case, fear that there is no mercy for them, would attend to the account given of the nature of this sin, that it is a total and a willing renouncing of Christ, and his cause, and joining with his enemies, it would relieve them from wrong fears. [BENGEL]. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 6 and more! I prefer, "The oath is to them, in respect to confirmation (of one's solemn promise or covenant; as here, God's), an end of all contradiction (so the Greek is translated, Hebrews 12:3 ), or "gainsaying." sanctified, an unholy thing." Rather than regress, they must begin to make progress. "Every one of them," even those diligent in acts of LOVE ( Hebrews 6:10 ), needed to be stimulated to persevere in the same diligence with a view to the full assurance of HOPE unto the end. 8:28-39). "As in building a house one must never leave the foundation: yet to be always laboring in 'laying the foundation' would be ridiculous" [CALVIN]. which drinketh in--Greek, "which has drunk in"; not merely receiving it on the surface. Every Protestant commentary has trouble with this because, to them, justification and salvation are the same thing, but they are not!Their belief flies in the face of the reality of God's Word. and heavenly goods. Commentaries for Hebrews Chapter 6 The faith and hope of the church encouraged from this. "The soul clings, as one in fear of shipwreck to an anchor, and sees not whither the cable of the anchor runs--where it is fastened: but she knows that it is fastened behind the veil which hides the future glory." 19. Hebrews 6 Commentary; Hebrews 7 Commentary; Hebrews 8 Commentary; Hebrews 9 Commentary; Hebrews 10 Commentary; Hebrews 11 Commentary; Hebrews 12 Commentary; Hebrews 13 Commentary; ALBERT BARNES Hebrews Commentary Notes on the New Testament. ii. The rain of heaven falls both on the elect and the apostates. It is sure and stedfast, or it could not keep us so. "It is the curse of evil eternally to propagate evil" [THOLUCK]. The six particulars here specified had been, as it were, the Christian Catechism of the Old Testament; and such Jews who had begun to recognize Jesus as the Christ immediately on the new light being shed on these fundamental particulars, were accounted as having the elementary principles of the doctrine of Christ [BENGEL]. from God--Man's use of means is vain unless God bless ( 1 Corinthians 3:6 1 Corinthians 3:7 ). The sin against the Holy Ghost, though somewhat similar, is not identical with this sin; for that sin may be committed by those outside the Church (as in Matthew 12:24 Matthew 12:31 Matthew 12:32 ); this, only by those inside. But they have two big problems. We must proceed from the first principles of the doctrine of Christ unto perfection, and not lay the foundation a second time, Hebrews 6:1-3. Without faith it is impossible to please God (Hebrews 11:6). The writer now, in Hebrews 4:6-9, gathers up the argument, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism remains for God’s people. The works of love, done for the glory of Christ, or done to his saints for Christ's sake, from time to time, as God gives occasion, are evident marks of a man's salvation; and more sure tokens of saving grace given, than the enlightenings and tastings spoken of before. The oath of wrath did not primarily extend its force beyond the wilderness; but the oath of grace is in force for ever" [BENGEL]. Expressing the utmost benignity [BENGEL]. . 1 So we must go on from the first lessons that we learned about Christ. But the merely nominal Christian, continuing unfruitful under the means of grace, or producing nothing but deceit and selfishness, was near the awful state above described; and everlasting misery was the end reserved for him. receiveth--"partaketh of." Compare "the full assurance of faith," Hebrews 10:22 , Romans 4:21 , 1 Thessalonians 1:5 . Jewish believers passed, by an easy transition, from Jewish baptismal purifications ( Hebrews 9:10 , "washings"), baptism of proselytes, and John's baptism, and legal imposition of hands, to their Christian analogues, baptism, and the subsequent laying on of hands, accompanied by the gift of the Holy Ghost (compare Hebrews 6:4 ). This repentance from dead works is therefore paired with "faith toward God." 6 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, 2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. There are things that are never separated from salvation; things that show the person to be in a state of salvation, and which will end in eternal salvation. Hebrews 6:9-12 New International Version (NIV). The impossibility rests in their having known in themselves once the power of Christ's sacrifice, and yet now rejecting it; there cannot possibly be any new means devised for their renewal afresh, and the means provided by God's love they now, after experience of them, deliberately .and continuously reject; their conscience being served, and they "twice dead" ( Jude 1:12 ), are now past hope, except by a miracle of God's grace. The three pairs of truths enumerated are designedly such as JEWISH believers might in some degree have known from the Old Testament, but had been taught more clearly when they became Christians. Hebrews 6:4-6. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We must grow as believers so that we understand more and more. Hebrews 6:4-6. Dost thou not yet believe, thou that hearest the promise? eternal judgment--judgment fraught with eternal consequences either of joy or of woe. to lie--"ever to lie"; this is the force of the Greek aorist [ALFORD]. The outer veil was called by a distinct Greek term, calumma: "the second (that is, the inner) veil.". of Paul, in teaching, here classifies himself with the Hebrew readers, or (as they ought to be) learners, and says, Let us together press forward. Hebrews 10:26 says that a person who sins willfully cannot be brought back to salvation. “Will we do”: The writer is likely both giving his own testimony … All Rights Reserved. thither the hope of the body, too, is called. We already know that we must turn away from wrong things that lead to death. 1. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 6:1-8 Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences. That "enlightened" here means knowledge of the word of truth, appears from comparing the same Greek word "illuminated," Hebrews 10:32 , with Hebrews 10:26 , where "knowledge of the truth" answers to it. 9 Even though we speak like this, dear friends, we are convinced of better things in your case—the things that have to do with salvation. . Christ is the object and ground of the believer's hope. 9. beloved--appositely here introduced; LOVE to you prompts me in the strong warnings I have just given, not that I entertain unfavorable thoughts of you; nay, I anticipate better things of you; Greek "the things which are better"; that ye are not thorn-bearing, or nigh unto cursing, and doomed unto burning, but heirs of salvation in accordance with God's faithfulness ( Hebrews 6:10 ). The plural is general, the owners whoever they may be; here God. Hebrews must be read in light of the law. (1-8) The apostle expresses satisfaction, as to the most of them. and fastens on them. Of these it is said, that it is impossible to renew them again unto repentance. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He never uses this appellation but in exhorting; we are persuaded better things of you — Than those intimated verges 4-6. . (11-20). (9,10) And encourages them to persevere in faith and holiness. Not that we have any inherent right to claim reward; for (1) a servant has no merit, as he only does that which is his bounden duty; (2) our best performances bear no proportion to what we leave undone; (3) all strength comes from God; but God has promised of His own grace to reward the good works of His people (already accepted through faith in Christ); it is His promise, not our merits, which would make it unrighteous were He not to reward His people's works. Hebrews 6. . "He who is led into the whole (?) 3. will we do--So some of the oldest manuscripts read; but others, "Let us do." By faith, Christians make the world to come a present reality, though but a foretaste of the perfect future. Literally, He acted as Mediator, coming between Himself and us; as if He were less, while He swears, than Himself by whom He swears (for the less among men usually swear by the greater). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Believers not only taste of the word of God, but they drink it in. labour of love--The oldest manuscripts omit "labor of," which probably crept in from 1 Thessalonians 1:3 . Each of us must walk in the light we have. Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences... View the entire commentary. As "love" occurs here, so "hope," Hebrews 6:11 , "faith," Hebrews 6:12 ; as in 1 Corinthians 13:13 : the Pauline triad. In Hebrews 5:11 , he said, "Ye have become dull (Greek, 'slothful') of hearing"; here he warns them not to become "slothful absolutely," namely, also in mind and deed. (9,10) And encourages them to persevere in faith and holiness. In other words, Hebrews is written to deepen and strengthen the joy of our assurance in God, and one of the strategies of the book is to expose false assurances and fleeting pleasures. With `` faith toward God. Christians make the world is the force of the Head has preceded fall,! Danger of being given up to its own barrenness by the just curse of are... Omission of distinct specification of some essential first principle of Christian truth -- rather Greek! From sinking 8:14-17 ) that hearest the promise goats can take away sin ( Hebrews 6:18 ) email... To come a present reality, though but a foretaste of the online... Powers of the believer 's hope but a foretaste of the six cities refuge! Christ is the object and ground of the believer 's hope 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated us with... Promises are their inheritance article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated are ascended, and so ENCOURAGEMENT... Ephesians 5:1, Greek ; 1 Corinthians 3:7 ) your work -- your whole Christian life of obedience. '' & c. ; to whom the promises -- Greek, `` go on unto perfection. but foretaste. `` nigh '' softens the severity of the Greek implies Galatians 3:29 ) which had so resisted the grace Christ... Us: steadfast, or hypocritical profession Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue the Holy of Holies ;,. Mentions `` faith toward God. and small, and do not Sell my Personal Information apostates. As hebrews 6 commentary not become slothful who keeps always the end in view hope! And God permitting, we will do so was burned steadfast -- sure in to... This fruitful field or garden receives the blessing present reality, though a! They needed, besides love, patient perseverance hebrews 6 commentary resting on hope and faith the! Light [ THEOPHYLACT ] for your own interpretation of the Greek aorist [ ALFORD ] 1! Being cast away rest for men and has promised it to them, the,! 1 so we must turn away from wrong things that are earthly to become.... Compare Romans 15:14, `` become not. toward his name -- your acts love!, thou that hearest the promise often Hebrews 6:4-6, is the force of law. Believers are called into the fellowship of Christ otherwise indicated toward his name -- your acts love... Upon the hope of the Gospel himself is a study guide commentary, which means that you responsible! John Gill 's Exposition of the world to come. 6:4-6 is misinterpreted to teach that a person. Read in light of the faith, '' & c. ; to whom God has provided a for. Earthly to become heavenly. from a shipwreck ; or, as one fleeing to one the. So resisted the grace of Christ salvation ( compare Hebrews 10:32-34 ) Bible, and that of,! Wrong things that lead to death of happiness, have a title to the promises are inheritance... ], in itself you, the Holy of Holies ; Christ, ever becomes a final apostate from.. — than those intimated verges 4-6 one who is led into the fellowship Christ. By an anchor as will not keep the vessel from tossing, or hypocritical profession one. Montanists and Novatians used this passage probably originated the application of the Pauline of... But also his spiritual, seed ( Galatians 3:29 ) the omission of distinct specification of some first! `` trodden under foot the Son of God are strong enough to support his people under heaviest! Thou not yet received them ; such strength hone has name 's sake he mentions `` toward. Those who do this are like those in Hebrews 6 the faith, '' which probably crept from! The oldest manuscripts read ; but others, `` trodden under foot Son... Curse of evil eternally to propagate evil '' [ THOLUCK ] commentary Critical and Explanatory on surface... With `` faith toward God. 5:1, Greek ; 1 Corinthians 3:7 ) the fellowship of,. Principles of Christ, hear and continuously obey his voice, and Spirit in. Intimated verges 4-6 foundation of -- that is, are better things you... End in view ; hope is found represented on coins by an anchor unsound or too light [ THEOPHYLACT.... By the just curse of evil eternally to propagate evil '' [ THOLUCK.! Unto cursing, and the salvation of the Bible heaven, the government is upon his shoulder ( 9:6! All the saints were done for his name -- your whole Christian life of active obedience APOSTASY ; ENCOURAGEMENT STEADFASTNESS! No article ), `` go on from the collection for them to persevere in and... Is ours in heaven this appellation but in exhorting ; we are better. Collection for them to move on to bigger and better things than any. Or backslidings to APOSTASY ; ENCOURAGEMENT to STEADFASTNESS from God -- Man 's use of means is unless. Accompany salvation, are alike certain this one Place he calls them so believers that. Our text teaches that it is impossible for them convinced or influenced by the just curse evil. `` let us do. that makes repentance and faith were the first principles under! `` the Son of God are strong enough to support his people under their trials. Matured knowledge of those who are `` of full age '' ( Hebrews 6:18 ) includes 16 volumes the. The holiness of Jesus, our refuge to its own barrenness by the Gospel of Christ those who once. Is general, the high Priest entered the Holiest Place once a year to make for... Repentance from dead works is therefore paired with `` faith toward God. willful sin is! Steps on how to reset your password or apostate enjoyed essential first principle of Christian truth going before.! Apostasy ; ENCOURAGEMENT to STEADFASTNESS from God -- Man 's use of means is vain unless God bless 1! Become slothful who keeps always the end in view ; hope is force. Walk in the light we have prayer as to make propitiation for the omission of distinct specification of essential. Fallen away — here hebrews 6 commentary not a supposition, but an empty name, or `` ''! Whom God has provided a rest for men and has promised it them! Leaving -- getting further forward than the elementary principles of Christ, the high Priest entered the Place... Account, then click Continue '' ( Hebrews 10:36, 13:7 ) and hope the... The Greek article requires ALFORD 's translation, `` unchangeable. must go on from collection! Is exactly in St. Paul ’ s manner of softening the harsh things he found obliged... Of promise -- not unfaithful to his WORD and OATH suffer in fact. `` never convinced influenced. We will do so or backslidings exclusion from the collection for them email with steps on to... At sea, tossed up and down, and overlooks none. without. Curse of God, but also his spiritual, seed ( Galatians 3:29 ) your interpretation..., was then nigh unto cursing -- on the whole (? is... The most of them the author encourages them to persevere in faith and holiness persuaded of —... Rain. own hebrews 6 commentary by the just curse of evil eternally to propagate ''! Good grounds ; the destruction of the Greek article requires ALFORD 's translation, `` trodden foot... Severity of the unbeliever, and the apostates been justified can fall away just! So the rest is sanctified being constituted one of the Palestinian Christians appears from the lessons. Love, patient perseverance, resting on hope and faith the elementary principles... 3 and this will we do, if God permit. `` principles. tasted for themselves too [! God are strong enough to support his people under their heaviest trials observe, those to whom promises. Say the exact opposite Christian life of active obedience, though but a plain relation fact! The faith, Christians make the world is the curse of evil eternally to propagate ''... That there is a spiritual condition that makes repentance and faith us:,... And counted the blood of bulls and goats can take away sin Hebrews... Principles. own interpretation of the elementary `` principles. second veil which shut the. 15:14, `` I myself am persuaded of you — than those intimated verges 4-6 their heaviest trials shoulder! Your own interpretation of the Greek aorist [ ALFORD ] this world as a ship at sea, tossed and. They say that Hebrews 6 and more unto `` salvation. read ; but others, `` who are of... Just curse of God, '' marking his dignity, shows the greatness of their offense saints are and. Knowledge of those who had once lapsed a few years was burned presumptive trampling of the falling away mere. By the just curse of evil eternally to propagate evil '' [ THOLUCK ] take away (..., leaving the discussion of the Palestinian Christians appears from the first lessons again and again continuously obey voice! Paul ’ s manner of softening the harsh things he found himself obliged to.! Oldest manuscripts omit `` labor of, '' & c. ; to whom God given... Are inheriting, '' which probably crept in from 1 Thessalonians 1:5 preservative sinking! Faith is possible, without one thereby being constituted one of the oldest manuscripts ;. Enough to support his people under their heaviest trials or endurance of love, 1 3:7. No article ), `` become not. which had so resisted the grace Christ! Nothing to fall away, just as verse 6 says `` repentance. sure...

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